What Are the 6 Syllable Types? (Plus Tips for Teaching Them)

6 min read

Systematic phonics training can assistance new readers cruise through words and phrases like “cat,” “mop,” and “pen,” and even trickier types like “chip,” “shine,” and “goat.” But what about “rocket,” “refrigerator,” or “catastrophe”? Educating kids how to effectively divide words into syllables and study every one can hold them from resorting to skipping or guessing when words get for a longer time. Discovering about the six syllable forms in English can be like finding the greatest essential to a magic formula code for young children. Completely ready to get started? We’ve pulled collectively some brilliant means and tips to assistance you train your pupils all about syllable forms.

What are the 6 syllable kinds?

Six syllable types description cards

Supply: @mrsrichardsonsclass

The credit for mapping out the six normal syllable sorts in English goes way back again to Noah Webster, who preferred to make syllable division far more regular in the 1806 version of his dictionary. Every single syllable in an English phrase should include a vowel—or y performing as a vowel, like in “my” or “baby.” The arrangement of vowels vs. consonants in a syllable decides what form of syllable it is.

(Be aware that when we chat about syllable sorts, we’re concentrating on written English. Studying to listen to syllables in spoken words—like by “clapping” syllables or counting how a lot of moments you sense your mouth open up when you say a word—is an important early phonological recognition skill. Teaching syllable types is most useful when kids are all set for looking at and spelling a variety of words.)

The six syllable sorts in English are:

1. Closed Syllables

Shut syllables have a quick vowel seem spelled by one particular vowel with a person or additional consonants pursuing it. The consonant(s) “close in” the vowel, producing it to be small. This is the most popular syllable kind.

Examples: “Cat” each syllables in “picnic” all 3 syllables in “disinfect”

2. Open Syllables

An open up syllable has a solitary vowel at the end, leaving it “open” to make a very long sound.

Illustrations: “No” the initial syllables in “silent” and “music”

3. Vowel + Consonant-e (VCe) Syllables

VCe syllables have a lengthy vowel audio and stop with a silent e. (Nickname: “Magic E Syllables.”)

Examples: “Hope” the next syllable in “complete”

4. Vowel Group Syllables

Vowel group syllables use two or much more letters to signify a quick, lengthy, or other vowel seem.

Illustrations: “Wait” the very first syllable in “awkward”

5. Vowel + R Syllables

Syllables in which the vowel audio is adopted and adjusted by r, as in ar, er, ir, or, and ur. (Nicknames: “R-controlled” or “Bossy R Syllables.”)

Illustrations: “Dark” the 1st syllable in “birthday” the two syllables in “further”

6. Consonant-le (C-le) Syllables

C-le syllables are unstressed syllables at the end of a phrase with a consonant, l and silent e.

Illustrations: Past syllables in “uncle,” “staple,” “unbelievable”

Six syllable types anchor chart

Source: @awalkinthechalk

How figuring out syllable types assists young children

1. Syllable variety knowledge lessens guessing.

Strategies like “try the small and long vowel sounds and see which 1 appears right” could appear to be beneficial to youngsters, but using phonics knowledge is always superior than guessing. Even for just one-syllable words and phrases, noticing the syllable kind can help young ones know for certain what audio a vowel represents.

2. Figuring out syllable division rules and syllable sorts boosts self-assurance.

It’s so empowering to know what to do when you get to an unknown term! For so lots of youngsters, discovering about syllables is the last piece of the puzzle for placing all their phonics knowledge into action throughout real-lifetime studying.

3. Awareness of syllable sorts can raise fluency.

Tackling phrases in syllable-sized items is always far more efficient than laboring more than every letter. When young ones use their syllable know-how for the duration of reading, they can go through additional fluently.

4. Discovering about syllable kinds can improve kids’ spelling.

From the straightforward actuality that “every syllable must have a vowel,” to knowing the C-le spelling sample for the close of words and phrases, understanding of syllable kinds can spill suitable about into kids’ spelling.

Suggestions for teaching young ones about syllable styles

1. Start off early and easy.

Classroom door with letter sticky notes arranged to teach open and closed syllables

Source: Campbell Makes Readers 

There is unquestionably a good deal to master about syllables! Test transferring from straightforward to elaborate and coordinating with other grade concentrations to share the load. If college students master about open and closed a person-syllable terms in kindergarten, they can develop on that know-how year after calendar year. This system for utilizing the doorway to make open vs. closed syllables unforgettable for young kids is pure genius.

2. Educate every of the syllable forms explicitly.

Remaining intentional about the buy in which you train syllable varieties and the examples you use is essential. These teaching video clips from This Examining Mama are stuffed with ideas for introducing each individual syllable kind. The College of Florida Literacy Institute’s “Teaching Major Words” useful resource goes deeper into how you could link syllable learning to the analyze of prefixes, suffixes, and root text, which is so useful in the higher elementary grades.

3. Practice syllable division.

Words on paper cut to show syllable division

Resource: @mrs_besas 

If young ones are heading to use syllable kinds to study multisyllabic phrases, they’ve bought to know how to appropriately divide terms into syllables. Finding out at the Most important Pond points out a great regime to teach. Plenty of observe with examples is essential—even as reduced-tech as virtually chopping words and phrases apart! Last but not least, irrespective of whether you use the comprehensive Orton-Gillingham system or not, their animal names for syllable division styles are super-helpful for many young ones. Look at out this summary from teachruncreate.com.

4. Make it memorable.

Syllable chart using candy wrappers

Supply: @chortle.find out.improve

There are tons of strategies to make syllable data adhere in kids’ memories, but what’s far better than referencing their preferred meals group?

How do you educate pupils about syllable kinds? Share your strategies in the feedback!

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